How Vapes Work
What is a vaporiser?
Vaporisers (or vapes) are electronic devices with small ovens that are used to heat a substance (dry herb, concentrates or e-liquid) to a boiling temperature, releasing the active ingredients in the form of a vapour or thin mist. This vapour is then inhaled. As the vaporiser does not burn the substance, there is no smoke.
How vaporisers work:
Vaporisers heat your materials up by cooking your materials rather than burning them. There are two types of heating methods that a vaporiser may use to heat the material up, and all vaporisers fall under one of these heating methods. These two methods are Convection and Conduction. Conduction means that the heating element is in contact with the herb chamber and heating it through touch, much like a cooking with a frypan on a stove. Convection means that the heat is generated away from the herb, and it is heated by inhaling the hot air through the herb.
Convection Vaporisers cook your material similar to how a kitchen oven would cook your food. With convection, your material is sitting at a distance from the heating element, meaning that air will need to flow through the system so that the heat reaches your material (this may be done by a fan in home units, or from inhalation in portable units). The fan (or inhaling) will bring air through the heating element. This will create hot air, which is then brought through your material. The hot air will then pick up the active ingredients in your material and create a vapour. Just like a kitchen oven would do with food, a Convection Style Vaporiser may take a little bit longer to cook the material, but it will heat the herb up much more consistently. This will cause more of the active ingredients to be released, meaning you will get more out of your material. Convection Vaporisers will give you between 80%-98% of the active ingredient out of your material.
Conduction vaporisers cook your material similar to how a stove top would cook your food. With Conduction, your material is sitting directly on top of the heating element. Conduction will cook your material much quicker than convection, but the herb will not cook as consistently all the way through. You will need to stir your herb every now and then to avoid burning (similar to cooking on a stove top) or the top of your material will be raw, while the bottom of your material may burn. This does not mean that the material WILL burn, but the users will need to make sure they maintain the temperature well. Conduction vaporisers will give you between 60%-70% of the active ingredient out of your material.
It is recommended that the substance is heated between 140°C (284°F) and 200°C (392°F). However, research has shown that vaporization is most effective at 170°C (338°F). If the temperature rises over 200°C (392°F), the substance is likely to burn and create unwanted smoke.
All herbs and vaporizers are different. Some vaporizers will display the temperature in Celsius, some in Fahrenheit, some in both, and some won’t show you the temperature at all.
Different Types of Vaporisers:
Dry Herb Vaporisers - For vaping raw, dried, ground up herbs. With both portable and desktop devices available, there is a dry herb vape for every situation
Wax Vaporisers – For concentrates and extracts.
E-Liquid vaporisers – for e-liquid or e-juice. Commonly used as a substitute or quitting method for smoking cigarettes, or for recreational vaping. Available in E-cigarettes and vape-mods.